Production - Sociology

  Means of Production Legally owned Land Capital Power, Control, Authority tend to exploit working class. How...


Means of Production

  • Legally owned

  • Land

  • Capital

Power, Control, Authority tend to exploit working class.

How exploitation?

  • Low wages

  • No free will

What distinguishes each (epoch) or the different relations of production.

In the classical societies, the relation of production was between slave and slave owners.

In the feudal societies, the relation of production was between land owner and self.

In the capitalist societies, the relation of production was (bourgeoisie and proletariat).

Bourgeoisie: Ruling class

Proletariat: working class subject classmate

Forces of Production:

  • Land

  • Labours

  • Capital

  • Raw Materials

  • Technological Knowledge

Note # False class consciousness

Note # They are not aware about their class division and exploitation.

Ideology – a set of belief imposed by a dominant group in order to maintain their advantaged position in the society.

Communist Society – No class society

People are the one division who own the means of production.

Labour theory of value

  • Manufacturing and distributing of chairs.

  • At first all the raw materials, machines and tools that are necessary for the production of charis are collected.

  • Similarly labours are hired.

  • The capitalist are in business only to make as much profit as possible (profit surplus value).

*Labour theory of value tell us how little the value of the working class is.

Mode of Production

The Mode of Production is a central concept in Marxism and is defined as the way a society is organized to produce goods and services. It consists, of two major aspects; the forces of production and the relations of production.

Forces of Production

Forces of production in Marxism terms, is the essential component of the economic system of society. Forces of production referes to the materials used in the production of goods as well as the tools, knowledge and techniques used to transform these materials.

Relation of Production

In Marxist theory, the social relationship into which people must center in order to survive, to produce and reproduce their means of life. In capitalist society, the main relation of production involves owners and non-owners.

  • Capitalist

    An economic system based on the pursuit of private profit. Capitalism’s defining relationship is between employer and employee (owner and non-owner)

  • Class Consciousness

    Class Consciousness is a term used in political theory, particularly Marxism, to refer to the beliefs that a person holds regarding their social class or economic rank in society, the structure, of their class and their class interests.



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Alevel Note: Production - Sociology
Production - Sociology
Alevel Note
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