Sociology - Nature vs Nurture

  Nature Vs Nurture Socialization The process of learning norms and values in the society. Socialization is never ending process. S...


Nature Vs Nurture


The process of learning norms and values in the society.

Socialization is never ending process. Socialization can be separated into two segments.

i) Primary: Walks, talks feel themselves and behave properly which is generally through family.

ii) Secondary: School, workspace, religion and mass media

These are the medium through which socialization is shown through different mediums.

Gender Role Socialization: First coined by Anny Dakley, it refers to the various wage in which a child learn to act in a manner which a society regards as being appropriate his/her family.

Some of the examples of gender role socialization occurs in these sectors such as;

Books: (a) Boys: Superhero comics

: (b) Girls: Fairy Tales

Toys: (a) Boys: Cars, Guns

: (b) Girls: Barbie Dolls

Comments: (a) Boys: Isn’t she a pretty girl?

: (b) Girls: He’s going to be a big strong boy.

# Both comments imply that male should be active and female passive.

Case Study

1. Anna and Isabella- USA 1940’s

  • The girls were illegitimate and had been hidden away by their parents and grand parents.

  • They were discovered at the age of 6.

  • Neither girl could walk, talk or feed herself.

  • After being into cave, Anna and Isabella made good progress.

2. Shamdev 1978, Musafirkhana forest, in India

  • He was discovered at the age 5 plating with wolf cubes.

  • During the night time, Shamdev would go restless and it was necessary to tie him up to stop him going out to follow the jackle.

  • If people cut themselves, he would smell the blood like an animal.

  • His favorite food was chicken, he caught them, kill them and eat them raw.

Conclude: Such example indicate that socialization involved prolonged interaction with adults which is very important in order to become an actual social being.

#Differences between gender and sex.

Sex refers to biological differences, chromosomes, hormonal profiles, internal and external sex organ where as gender describes as one’s identity, the presentation of self, behavior and interaction with others.


Human behavior is shaped through biology.

Tiger and Fox talks about the biology case.

  • Men fought the enemies, were involved in hunting and they were the one to make decisions.

  • Where as women were involved in the task of bearing and rearing children.

  • 99% of men have been hunters and (aggression), power and leadership have been built into their genes through the process of (biogramming).

Therefore, the roles of men and women are biologically shaped-Tiger and Fox.

After Murdock did case study of 250 societies, he found that men hunted while women gathered food, cooked and maintained clothes.

The division of labour by (Sen) arises from differences in strength (for male) and the demand of pregnancy and motherhood for females.

Criticism (Margaret Mead)

Margaret Mead argued that human behavior and the cultural norms on how we behave depended on the cultural teachings of the society on the gender role. Men and women behaved differently in the following 3 tribes from her study in New Guinea, in the social upbringing.

  • Arapesh

  • Mundugumor

  • Tchambuli

Arapesh:-Both men and women were feminine, gentle, passive and caring. Child rearing is a shared activity.

Mundugumor: Oppositely, men and women were more aggressive and combative in this tribe.

Tchambul:- Surprisingly, In Tchambuli tribe was the most surprising one that, where women was the dominant gender, men relied on them and they were more emotional which was the characteristic seen the American culture.



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Alevel Note: Sociology - Nature vs Nurture
Sociology - Nature vs Nurture
Alevel Note
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