Functionalism - Sociology

Functionalism Functionalism:  Also known as order perspective, system theory or structural functionalism. It falls under macro approach of s...


Functionalism: Also known as order perspective, system theory or structural functionalism. It falls under macro approach of sociology. It is the theory that all aspects of a society survive a function and are necessary for the survival of that society.

In sociology, there are deviance as well.

Deviant:- A person who do not conform to the norms and values of the society.

Emil Durkheim: He talks about the concept of a (concern) of value consensus. Value consensus leads to social order.

A. Raddiffle Brown: He observed pre-industrial societies and believed that social activity, if it was recurrent, it must be functional to the working of that community.

How society works?

Explains through the concept of ‘Organic Analogy’

You can see a human body growing but it is difficult to see a society growing.

“Mechanical Analogy”

“Collectively held goals” example: clock

Talcott Parsons: functional pre-requisites; functional needs.

AGIL needs

A: Adaptation

G: Goal Attainment

I: Integration-unity

L: Latency- Cultural Identity

RK Meston (Robert K Merton)

Types of Function

1. Manifest: The inteteded action of a social institution is called manifest function.

2. latent: The unintended action of a social institution is called latent function.

Organic Analogy

The organic analogy compared the different parts of a society to the organs of living organism.


The philosophical position theory that for every event there exist conditions that could cause no other event.

Value Consensus

Value consensus is a general agreement about the share norms and values of the society.

Functional Prerequisites

Things that must happen if society is to function properly.


Functionalist are criticized for being overly determinist.

Marnist believe that functionalism only talks about consensus and tend to ignore conflict.

According to Karl Marx,

Conflict Theory (Marxism)

3 main periods of changes

  • Classical societies for Ancient Roe and Greece (Relation of Production/ Differentiate)

  • Feudal Societies of the Middle Ages

  • Capitalist Society

(Marx = “State is an instrument/ weapon of the ruling class)



Chemistry,3,Computer Science,8,Economics,4,General Paper,1,Physics,4,Sociology,4,
Alevel Note: Functionalism - Sociology
Functionalism - Sociology
Alevel Note
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content